Eritrea is hoping that the UN Security Council will soon lift sanctions it imposed on the East African nation in 2009, now that its relations have thawed with Ethiopia and other neighbouring countries.
The Security Council imposed an arms embargo and other tough sanctions on Eritrea for supplying weapons to al-Shabab Islamic militants opposed to the Somali government and for refusing to resolve a border dispute with neighbouring Djibouti, a key US ally in the Horn of Africa.
A draft resolution obtained by the Associated Press would lift the arms embargoes, travel bans, asset freezes and targeted sanctions imposed in late 2009. It also urges Eritrea and Djibouti “to continue efforts to settle their border dispute peacefully in a manner consistent with international law” and to engage on Djibouti combatants missing in action.
The Security Council met privately yesterday to hear from its committee monitoring sanctions on Eritrea and Somalia. The draft resolution would also extend the arms embargo on Somalia until November 15 next year as well as a ban on the import and export of Somali charcoal, a key source of income, including for al-Shabab fighters.
The Security Council is scheduled to meet next Wednesday to vote on the resolution.
Eritrea, a former Italian colony, gained independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after a 30-year guerilla war. It had a decades-long border dispute with Ethiopia, including a war from 1998-2000 in which about 80,000 people died. But the region saw an unprecedented level of diplomatic activity after Ethiopia’s reformist Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, came to power in April and accepted a border decision by an international boundary commission that favoured Eritrea. He visited the frontier with Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki.
The move set off a number of diplomatic thaws, including one between Eritrea and Somalia. Leaders of Djibouti and Eritrea, who have had multiple border clashes, met in recent weeks with the help of Ethiopia, though no breakthrough was announced. Ethiopia has lobbied for sanctions to be lifted against Eritrea.
“The final decision will be made on November 14, but the early signals coming out from New York are positive indeed,” Eritrean Information Minister Yemane Gebremeskel tweeted on Saturday. “Tribute to Eritrea’s steadfastness and resilience for nine long years.”
But UN officials said Djibouti is unhappy about the possible lifting of sanctions against Eritrea because their dispute remains unresolved despite the reconciliation between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Eritrea has denied providing support to al-Shabab and has accused Ethiopia of spearheading the sanctions. The draft resolution would condemn al-Shabab attacks in Somalia and beyond.
At the UN, Equatorial Guinea’s ambassador, Anatolio Ndong Mba, welcomed “the new dynamic in the Horn of Africa”.
He said the Security Council committee monitoring sanctions on Eritrea “hasn’t found any evidence” the country is helping al-Shabab. “Therefore we are of the opinion that these sanctions should be lifted to send a message of a new dynamic in this Horn of Africa,” he said. “But what we think also is that Djibouti should be part of all this dynamic.”